Ethiopia's Tigray Social Cash Transfer Pilot Programme (SCTPP) & Integrated Basic Social Services with Social Cash Transfer (IN-SCT)
|Year Programmes Began:||2011 (SCTPP); 2015 (IN-SCT)|
|Implementing Ministries:||Tigray Bureau Labour and Social Affairs (SCTPP); SNNP & Oromia Bureaus of Labour and Social Affairs, Food Security and Health (IN-SCT)|
|Target Groups:||Labour constrained, ultra-poor female, elderly, or disabled (SCTPP); Pregnant & lactating women & caretakers of malnourished children in chronically food insecure households; labour-constrained households (IN-SCT)|
|Conditions:||None (TSCTPP); Soft-conditionalities on health, education & protection services (IN-SCT)|
|Approximate Reach (as of 2016):||3,800 households (TSCTPP); approx. 5,000 households (15,000 beneficiaries) (IN-SCT)|
The Social Cash Transfer Pilot Programme (SCTPP) was launched by the Tigray Bureau of Labour and Social Affairs (BOLSA) with support from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia in 2011. The goal of the SCTPP was to improve the quality of life of orphans and vulnerable children, elderly and persons with disabilities and to enhance their access to basic services such as healthcare and education. Specific initial objectives included contributing to the reduction of poverty, hunger, and starvation; increasing school enrolment and attendance; improving the health and nutrition of children and generating information on the feasibility in terms of BoLSA’s capacity to implement and administer such a programme.
The SCTPP operated in two districts: rural Hintalo Wajirat and urban Abi Adi, providing timely and predictable monthly cash transfers of ETB 155 (US$ 7.68) to the poorest labour-constrained households in both districts.
Beneficiary households were selected through a community-based targeting process, facilitated by the Community Care Coalitions (CCC), the primary social protection structure at community level supported by social workers. The programme reached 3,767 households (6,716 beneficiaries), of which around 40 per cent had children under 18 and 75 per cent female-headed.
Under the umbrella of Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP 4), UNICEF is currently supporting the implementation of the Improved Nutrition through Integrated Basic Social Services with Social Cash Transfer (IN-SCT) pilot project in SNNP and Oromia regions. This new multi sectoral operation modality has been designed with the aim to address nutrition and health issues in a more efficient and systematic way based on findings from the PSNP 3 and SCTPP pilot. In particular, the IN-SCT is testing incentives for pregnant and lactating women and young children and the implementation of multi-sectoral nutrition interventions with crucial role from social workers and Community Care Coalitions. This is done in strong collaboration of the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Ministry of Health (MoH) and the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) at the different administrative levels.
The activities proposed in IN-SCT will support the social protection system building trough multi-sectoral coordination and implementation of nutrition sensitive interventions which aim to contribute to the reduction of poverty in multiple dimensions. The lessons drawn from this pilot will inform the design and implementation of the future National Nutrition Programme and the next phase of the PSNP.