Ethiopia's Tigray Social Cash Transfer Pilot Programme (SCTPP) & Integrated Basic Social Services with Social Cash Transfer (IN-SCT)
|Year Programmes Began:||2011 (SCTPP); 2015 (IN-SCT)|
|Implementing Ministries:||Tigray Bureau Labour and Social Affairs (SCTPP); SNNP & Oromia Bureaus of Labour and Social Affairs, Food Security and Health (IN-SCT)|
|Target Groups:||Labour constrained, ultra-poor female, elderly, or disabled (SCTPP); Pregnant & lactating women & caretakers of malnourished children in chronically food insecure households; labour-constrained households (IN-SCT)|
|Conditions:||None (TSCTPP); Soft-conditionalities on health, education & protection services (IN-SCT)|
|Approximate Reach (as of 2016):||3,800 households (TSCTPP); approx. 5,000 households (15,000 beneficiaries) (IN-SCT)|
The Social Cash Transfer Pilot Programme (SCTPP) was launched by the Tigray Bureau of Labour and Social Affairs (BOLSA) with support from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia in 2011. The goal of the SCTPP was to improve the quality of life of orphans and vulnerable children, elderly and persons with disabilities and to enhance their access to basic services such as healthcare and education. Specific initial objectives included contributing to the reduction of poverty, hunger, and starvation; increasing school enrolment and attendance; improving the health and nutrition of children and generating information on the feasibility in terms of BoLSA’s capacity to implement and administer such a programme.
The SCTPP operated in two districts: rural Hintalo Wajirat and urban Abi Adi, providing timely and predictable monthly cash transfers of ETB 155 (US$ 7.68) to the poorest labour-constrained households in both districts.
Beneficiary households were selected through a community-based targeting process, facilitated by the Community Care Coalitions (CCC), the primary social protection structure at community level supported by social workers. The programme reached 3,767 households (6,716 beneficiaries), of which around 40 per cent had children under 18 and 75 per cent female-headed.
Based on the promising lessons from the Tigray SCTPP (as described above), in 2015 the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) initiated the Improved Nutrition through Integrated Basic Social Services and Social Cash Transfer (IN-SCT) pilot programme with the support of UNICEF and Irish Aid. The pilot takes place in four districts of two regions of Ethiopia (SNNPR and Oromiya).
The IN-SCT pilot is integral part of the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) – the flagship programme for Social Protection in Ethiopia – and is based on the integrated systems approach to Social Protection. Besides emphasizing existing Gender and Social Development provisions of the PSNP in its 4th phase through effective capacity building at different levels of PSNP implementation, the IN-SCT implements a comprehensive Case Management System, which links Temporary Direct Support (TDS) clients of the PNSP to essential Maternal and Child Health services as a co-responsibility (or soft condition) of receiving the monthly PSNP cash transfer. TDS clients are pregnant and lactating women, as well as caretakers of malnourished children, who are part of the PSNP Public Works component, but transition to the Permanent Direct Support (PDS) component of the PSNP. The Case Management System is being digitally replicated in an IT-based Management Information System and is being implemented by dedicated Social Workers, who are forming the crucial link between the PSNP clients, the front-line workers at Community level (e.g. Community Care Coalitions, Health Extension Workers and Development Agents), as well as the district-based Government stakeholders. The effective provision of a comprehensive package of nutrition-sensitive interventions to the PSNP clients is part of the overall IN-SCT approach of linking PSNP clients to basic social services.
Through the effective cooperation of different Line Ministries within this pilot (e.g. Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Ministry of Health), the interventions significantly contribute to an improved multi-sectoral collaboration at community, district and federal levels.