Cash transfer programTanzania Conditional Cash Transfer (TASAF III/PSSN): Youth Well-being and the Transition to Adulthood

Year Programme Began: 2013
Implementing Ministry: Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF)
Target Group: Poor
Conditions: School attendance and health care utilization for young children (part of payment is unconditional)
Approximate Reach (as of 2016): 1.1 million households


UNICEF Tanzania and UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti are collaborating with REPOA, a Tanzanian research institute to examine the impacts of the third phase of Tanzanian government’s conditional cash transfer program Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) on youth well-being and the transition to adulthood. The Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF) was established in 2000 as part of the Government of Tanzania’s social protection strategy and has since been expanded twice. Phase I (2000-2005) focused on improving social service delivery, capacity enhancement, and addressing income poverty for food insecure households. The second Phase (2005-2013) built on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and addressed a shortage of social services, income poverty, and capacity enhancement. Currently, the third phase of TASAF (TASAF III/PSSN) aims to scale up conditional cash transfers (CCTs), and will additionally include livelihood enhancement and facilitate implementation of public works (income generating activities for poor and vulnerable groups). The objective of this new phase, the consolidated PSSN, is to increase income and consumption and improve vulnerable populations’ ability to cope with shocks, with an overall aim to reduce extreme poverty and break the intergenerational transmission of poverty. The CCT component provides cash payment to households living below the food poverty line, and households are required comply with certain conditions to receive payments (e.g., children ages 7 to 15 must enroll in primary school and attend at least 80 percent of the time). In 2015, Phase III is being scaled up to 160 new treatment villages.