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Many cash transfer programmes target women, making it possible to measure gender-specific outcomes, such as the dynamics around finances and household decision-making. Additionally, cash transfers may alleviate intrahousehold stress which may contribute to more equitable gender relations and reduce emotional and physical domestic violence.

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Type Title Country(s) Year Citation
Brief Gender-sensitive social protection: A critical component of the COVID-19 response in low- and middle-income countries 2020

Hidrobo M, Kumar N, Palermo T, Peterman A, Roy S. (2020). Gender-sensitive social protection: A critical component of the COVID-19 response in low- and middle-income countries. International Food Policy Research Institute. UNICEF Office of Research, Florence, Italy.

Journal Article Peterman A, Palermo T, Handa S and Seidenfeld D on behalf of the Zambia Child Grant Program Evaluation Team. (2017).List randomization for soliciting experience of intimate partner violence: Application to the evaluation of Zambia's unconditional child grant program.Health Economics,0: 1-7. Zambia 2017 Peterman A, Palermo T, Handa S and Seidenfeld D on behalf of the Zambia Child Grant Program Evaluation Team. (2017).List randomization for soliciting experience of intimate partner violence: Application to the evaluation of Zambia's unconditional child grant program.Health Economics,0: 1-7.
Journal Article How does a national poverty program influence sexual debut among Kenyan adolescents? Kenya 2016

Handa S, Palermo T, Rosenberg M, Pettifor A, Tucker Halpern C and Thirumurthy H. (2016). How does a national poverty program influence sexual debut among Kenyan adolescents? Global Public Health, 5: 617-638.

Working and Position Papers Peterman A, Potts A, O-Donnell M, Thompson K, Shah N, Oertelt-Prigione S, van Gelder N. (2020). Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children. Center for Global Development. 2020 Peterman A, Potts A, O-Donnell M, Thompson K, Shah N, Oertelt-Prigione S, van Gelder N. (2020). Pandemics and Violence Against Women and Children. Center for Global Development.
Working and Position Paper Making money work: Unconditional cash transfers allow women to save and re-invest in rural Zambia Zambia 2016

Natali L, Handa S, Peterman A, Seidenfeld D & Tembo G on behalf of the Zambia Cash Transfer Evaluation Team (2016).Making money work: Unconditional cash transfers allow women to save and re-invest in rural Zambia,Innocenti Working Paperno. 2016-02, UNICEF Office of Research, Florence.

Working and Position Paper Cash for Women's Empowerment? A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of the Government of Zambia's Child Grant Programme Zambia 2016

Bonilla J, Castro R, Handa S, Nowlin C, Peterman A, Reeves H, & D Seidenfeld on behalf of the CGP Evaluation Team (2016).”Cash for Women’s Empowerment? A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of the Government of Zambia’s Child Grant Programme.”Innocenti Working Paper No. 2016-01, UNICEF Office of Research, Florence.

Article Impact of the Kenya Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children on early pregnancy and marriage of adolescent girls Kenya 2015

Handa S, Peterman A, Huang C, Halpern C, Pettifor A,and Thirumurthy, H. (2015). “Impact of the Kenya Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children on early pregnancy and marriage of adolescent girls”. Social Science & Medicine, Sep; 141:36-45.

Blog Why gender-sensitive social protection is critical to the COVID-19 response in low- and middle-income countries 2020

Why gender-sensitive social protection is critical to the COVID-19 response in low- and middle-income countries. Melissa Hidrobo (IFPRI) Neha Kumar (IFPRI), Tia Palermo (SUNY Buffalo), Amber Peterman (UNC-CH) and Shalini Roy (IFPRI). April 2020.

Blog A gender lens on COVID-19: Pandemics and violence against women and children. Megan O'Donnel (IFPRI), Amber Peterman (UNC-CH), Alina Potts (GWU). April 2020. 2020 A gender lens on COVID-19: Pandemics and violence against women and children. Megan O'Donnel (IFPRI), Amber Peterman (UNC-CH), Alina Potts (GWU). April 2020.
Blog Reducing intimate partner violence through cash transfers: the next research frontier. Angie Lee, (UNICEF Innocenti for IFPRI's blog) April 2019 2019 Reducing intimate partner violence through cash transfers: the next research frontier. Angie Lee, (UNICEF Innocenti for IFPRI's blog) April 2019
Blog Measuring taboo topics: List randomization for research on gender-based violence.Amber Peterman and Tia Palermo (UNICEF Office of Research Innocenti), January 2018 2018 Measuring taboo topics: List randomization for research on gender-based violence.Amber Peterman and Tia Palermo (UNICEF Office of Research Innocenti), January 2018
Blog When over 500 minds converge to prevent gender-based violence.Amber Peterman and Alina Potts (UNICEF Office of Research Innocenti), October 2017 2017 When over 500 minds converge to prevent gender-based violence.Amber Peterman and Alina Potts (UNICEF Office of Research Innocenti), October 2017
Blog New Systematic Review on Cash Transfers and Contraceptive Use-Good Research and Bad Advice?Tia Palermo (UNICEF Office of Research Innocenti) and Amanda Glassman (Center for Global Development), February 2017 2017 New Systematic Review on Cash Transfers and Contraceptive Use-Good Research and Bad Advice?Tia Palermo (UNICEF Office of Research Innocenti) and Amanda Glassman (Center for Global Development), February 2017
Blog Cash transfers: What's gender got to do with it?Amber Peterman and Luisa Natali (UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti), Jennifer Yablonski (UNICEF Headquarters), May 2016 2016 Cash transfers: What's gender got to do with it?Amber Peterman and Luisa Natali (UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti), Jennifer Yablonski (UNICEF Headquarters), May 2016
Podcast #HEARMETOO: UNICEF Research on Gender-Based Violence for #16Days of Activism: UNICEF Innocenti podcast #HEARMETOO: UNICEF Research on Gender-Based Violence for #16Days of Activism: UNICEF Innocenti podcast
Instrument Young Women's Questionnaire (South Africa Evaluation) Young Women's Questionnaire (South Africa Evaluation)
Video Pandemics and violence. UNICEF Innocenti. April 2020. 2020 Pandemics and violence. UNICEF Innocenti. April 2020.
Journal Article The Government of Kenya's Cash Transfer Program Reduces the Risk of Sexual Debut Among Young People Age 15-25 Kenya 2014

Handa S, Halpern C, Pettifor A andThirumurthy H. (2014).The Government of Kenya’s Cash Transfer Program Reduces the Risk of Sexual Debut Among Young People Age 15-25,PLOS ONE 9(1): 1-9.

Blog Mind the gender gap: How can a gender-norm lens improve social protection outcomes for adolescents? 2018

Mind the gender gap: How can a gender-norm lens improve social protection outcomes for adolescents?Maja Gavrilovic and Tia Palermo (UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti), September 2018.

Blog Cash support: A new tool to decrease Intimate Partner Violence? 2018

Cash support: A new tool to decrease Intimate Partner Violence?Ana Maria Buller andMeghna Ranganathan (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine) andAmber Peterman (UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti), September 2018.

Blog Marriage, Fertility, and HIV Prevention: Have Our High Hopes for Cash Transfer Programmes and Adolescent Girls been Dashed? 2015

Marriage, Fertility, and HIV Prevention: Have Our High Hopes for Cash Transfer Programmes and Adolescent Girls been Dashed? Tia Palermo (UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti), December 2015.

Blog Giving girls a chance 2015

Giving girls a chance Michelle Mills (UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti), August 2015.

Blog Evidence from Africa shows cash transfers increase school enrollment 2015

Evidence from Africa shows cash transfers increase school enrolment Tia Palermo (UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti), February 2015.

Journal Article Unconditional government social cash transfer in Africa does not increase fertility Zambia 2016

Palermo T, Handa S, Peterman A, Prencipe L andSeidenfeld D, on behalf of the Zambia CGP Evaluation Team (2016). Unconditional government social cash transfer in Africa does not increase fertility. Journal of Population Economics, 29(4): 10831111.

Working and Position Paper Unconditional Government Social Cash Transfer in Africa Does not Increase Fertility Zambia 2015

Palermo T, Handa S, Peterman A, Prencipe L, Seidenfeld D for Zambia CGP Evaluation Team. (2015). Unconditional Government Social Cash Transfer in Africa Does not Increase Fertility. Innocenti Working Papers No. 2015-09, UNICEF Office of Research, Florence.

Brief Kenya Cash Transfer Program Delays Sexual Debut Among Young People Age 15-25 Kenya 2013

The Transfer Project Team. (2013). Kenya Cash Transfer Program Delays Sexual Debut Among Young People Age 15-25. Transfer Project Research Brief 2013-03. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Journal Article Cash Transfers, Early Marriage, and Fertility in Malawi and Zambia Malawi; Zambia 2018

Dake F, Natali L, Angeles G, de Hoop J, Handa S and Peterman A on behalf of the Malawi Cash Transfer Evaluation Team and the Zambia Cash Transfer Evaluation Team. (2018). Cash Transfers, Early Marriage, and Fertility in Malawi and Zambia. Studies in Family Planning, 49(4): 295-317.

Working and Position Paper Qualitative research on the impacts of social protection on rural women's economic empowerment Malawi 2017

Nesbitt-Ahmed Z, Pozarny P and de la O Campos AP. (2017). Qualitative research on the impacts of social protection on rural women’s economic empowerment. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Journal Article The livelihood impacts of cash transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa: Beneficiary perspectives from six countries Ethiopia; Ghana; Kenya; Lesotho; Malawi; Zimbabwe 2017

Fisher E, Attah R, Barca V, O’Brien C, Brook S, Holland J, Kardan A, Pavanello S and Pozarny P. (2017). The livelihood impacts of cash transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa: Beneficiary perspectives from six countries. World Development, 99: 299-319.

Journal Article Understanding the linkages between social safety nets and childhood violence: a review of the evidence from low- and middle-income countries Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; South Africa; Tanzania 2017

Peterman A, Neijhoft A, Cook S and Palermo T. (2017). Understanding the linkages between social safety nets and childhood violence: a review of the evidence from low- and middle-income countries. Health Policy and Planning: 1-23.

Journal Article Child marriage and associated outcomes in Northern Ghana: a cross-sectional study Ghana 2018

de Groot R, Yiryele Kuunyem M and Palermo T on behalf of the Ghana LEAP 1000 Evaluation Team. (2018). Child marriage and associated outcomes in Northern Ghana: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 18: 285.

Brief Measurement of interpersonal violence in national social cash transfer evaluations. Transfer Project Research Brief 2016-05 Ghana; Kenya; Malawi; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe 2016

Palermo, T.(2016). Measurement of interpersonal violence in national social cash transfer evaluations. Transfer Project Research Brief 2016-05. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Journal Article A mixed-method review of cash transfers and intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income countries Kenya; South Africa 2018

Buller AM, Peterman A, Ranganathan M, Bleile A, Hidrobo M and Heise L. (2018). A mixed-method review of cash transfers and intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income countries. The World Bank Research Observer, 33(2).

Working and Position Paper A mixed-method review of cash transfers and intimate partner violence in low and middle income countries Kenya; South Africa 2018

Buller AM, Peterman A, Ranganathan M, Bleile A, Hidrobo M and Heise l. (2018). A mixed-method review of cash transfers and intimate partner violence in low and middle income countries. Innocenti Working Paper 2018-02. UNICEF Office of Research Innocenti. Florence, Italy.