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Malawi’s Social Cash Transfer Programme (SCTP)

Year Programme Began:2006
Implementing Ministry:Ministry of Gender, Children, and Social Welfare
Target Group:Ultra-poor, labour contrained
Conditions:None
Approximate Reach (as of 2015):100,000 households

The Government of Malawi’s Social Cash Transfer Programme (SCTP) scheme is an unconditional transfer targeted to rural ultra-poor and labor-constrained households operated by the Ministry of Gender, Community Development and Social Welfare (MoGCDSW) with policy oversight and guidance provided by the Ministry of Economic Planning and Development (MoEPD) and UNICEF Malawi. The programme began as a pilot in 2006 in Mchinji District and was subsequently expanded to an additional eight districts in 2009 (Balaka, Likoma, Chitipa, Salima, Machinga, Phalombe and Mangochi). As of August 2020, the program reached approximately 283,000 households and 1,195,000 individuals, or 7 percent of the total population. The main objectives of the SCTP are to reduce poverty and hunger, and to improve children’s human development. Transfer amounts vary by household size and number of school-aged children, and averaged MK 6400 per household per month (approximately US$8). The specific benefit structure as of August 2020 was: MK2600, MK 3300, MK 4400 and MK5600 for households of size one, two three and four or more respectively. An additional bonus of MK 800 and MK 1500 was provided to household members of school going age.

Type Title Theme(s) Year Citation
Journal Article More Evidence on the Impact of Government Social Protection in Sub Saharan Africa: Ghana, Malawi and Zimbabwe Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being; Poverty Reduction and Food Security 2021

Handa, S., Otchere, F., Sirma, P. and (2021), More Evidence on the Impact of Government Social Protection in Sub Saharan Africa: Ghana, Malawi and Zimbabwe. Dev Policy Rev. Accepted Author Manuscript. https://doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12576

Working and Position Paper Local economy impacts and cost-benefit analysis of social protection and agricultural interventions in Malawi Resilience and Productive Impacts 2019

Kagin J, Taylor JE, Pellerano P, Daidone S, Juergens F, Pace N and Knowles M. (2019).Local economy impacts and cost-benefit analysis of social protection and agricultural interventions in Malawi. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, International Labour Organisation, United Nations Children’s Fund.

Journal Article Covarrubias K. (2012).From protection to production: productive impacts of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer scheme.Journal of Development Effectiveness 4(1): 50-77. Poverty Reduction and Food Security 2012 Covarrubias K. (2012).From protection to production: productive impacts of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer scheme.Journal of Development Effectiveness 4(1): 50-77.
Journal Article Targeting effectiveness of social cash transfer programmes in three African countries Programme Evaluation and Design 2012

Handa S, Huang C, Hypher N, Teixeira, Soares FV and Davis B. (2012).Targeting effectiveness of social cash transfer programmes in three African countries.Journal of Development Effectiveness 4(1): 78-108.

Brief The Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme increases household resiliency Resilience and Productive Impacts 2017

The Malawi Cash Transfer Evaluation Team. (2017).The Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme increases household resiliency. Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-04. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaluation: Household Economics and Resilience at Baseline Resilience and Productive Impacts 2015

Kilburn Kand Handa S. (2015).Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaluation: Household Economics and Resilience at Baseline. Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-07. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief UNICEF Innocenti (2020).Improving Educational Outcomes Among Children in Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Programme: A summary of research findings and policy options. UNICEF Innocenti, Florence, Italy. Education and Child Labour 2020 UNICEF Innocenti (2020).Improving Educational Outcomes Among Children in Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Programme: A summary of research findings and policy options. UNICEF Innocenti, Florence, Italy.
Brief The importance of understanding and monitoring the effects of cash transfer programs on child labour and education: findings from Malawi.Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-05 Education and Child Labour 2017

The Malawi Cash Transfer Evaluation Team. (2017).The importance of understanding and monitoring the effects of cash transfer programs on child labour and education: findings from Malawi.Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-05. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Programme: A comprehensive summary of impacts. Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-03 Education and Child Labour 2017

The Malawi Cash Transfer Evaluation Team. (2017).Malawi’s Social Cash Transfer Programme: A comprehensive summary of impacts. Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-03. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Journal Article The role of productive activities in the lives of adolescents: Photovoice evidence from Malawi Adolescents; Education and Child Labour 2018

Zietz S, de Hoop J and Handa S. (2018).The role of productive activities in the lives of adolescents: Photovoice evidence from Malawi.Children and Youth Services Review, 86: 246-255.

Brief Social Protection and Childhood Violence: Expert Roundtable, Innocenti Research Briefs no. 2016-11, UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence 2016 Cook S, Neijhoft N, Palermo T and Peterman A. (2016). Social Protection and Childhood Violence: Expert Roundtable, Innocenti Research Briefs no. 2016-11, UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence.
Brief Unconditional government social cash transfers in Africa do not increase fertility Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2016

Palermo, T. and Hjelm, L. (2016). Unconditional government social cash transfers in Africa do not increase fertility. Transfer Project Research Brief 2016-02. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Measuring Health and Well-being of Young People in the Transfer Project Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2015

Palermo T. (2015). Measuring Health and Well-being of Young People in the Transfer Project. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-03. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Social Protection Programmes Contribute to HIV Prevention Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2015

EPRI/ UNICEF. (2015). Social Protection Programmes Contribute to HIV Prevention.

Brief Does Community-Based Targeting Really Work in Cash Transfer Programmes in Africa? Programme Evaluation and Design 2012

Hypher N and Veras F. (2012). Does Community-Based Targeting Really Work in Cash Transfer Programmes in Africa?IPC-UNDP Research Brief.

Journal Article Perspectives of adolescent and young adults on poverty related stressors: A qualitative study in Ghana, Malawi, and Tanzania 2019

Hall B, Garabiles M, de Hoop J, Prencipe L, Pereira A, Palermo T. (2019).Perspectives of adolescent and young adults on poverty related stressors: A qualitative study in Ghana, Malawi, and Tanzania.BMJ Open, 9(10).

Journal Article Cash Transfers, Microentrepreneurial Activity, and Child Work: Evidence from Malawi and Zambia Education and Child Labour 2019

de Hoop J, Groppo V, Handa S, on behalf of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer Program and the Zambia Multiple Category Targeted Program study teams (2019). Cash Transfers, Microentrepreneurial Activity, and Child Work: Evidence from Malawi and Zambia.The World Bank Economic Review, lhz004, https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhz004

Journal Article Government of Malawi's Unconditional Cash Transfer Improves Youth Mental Health Adolescents 2016

Angeles G, de Hoop J, Handa S, Kilburn K, Milazzo A & Peterman A on behalf of the Malawi Cash Transfer Evaluation Team (2019). Government of Malawi’s Unconditional Cash Transfer Improves Youth Mental Health.Social Science & Medicine (in press)

Journal Article Cash Transfers, Early Marriage, and Fertility in Malawi and Zambia Adolescents; Gender and Gender-Based Violence 2018

Dake F, Natali L, Angeles G, de Hoop J, Handa S and Peterman A on behalf of the Malawi Cash Transfer Evaluation Team and the Zambia Cash Transfer Evaluation Team. (2018). Cash Transfers, Early Marriage, and Fertility in Malawi and Zambia. Studies in Family Planning, 49(4): 295-317.

Journal Article Paying for Happiness: Experimental Results from a Large Cash Transfer Program in Malawi Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2018

Kilburn K, Handa S, Angeles G, Tsoka M and Mvula P. (2018). Paying for Happiness: Experimental Results from a Large Cash Transfer Program in Malawi. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 31(2): 331-356.

Journal Article Impacts of the Malawi social cash transfer program on household food and nutrition security Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2017

Brugh K, Angeles G, Mvula P, Tsoka M and Handa S. (2017). Impacts of the Malawi social cash transfer program on household food and nutrition security. Food Policy, 0: 1-14.

Journal Article Using photo elicitation methods to understand resilience among ultra-poor youth and their caregivers in Malawi Adolescents 2017

Barrington C, Villa-Torres L, Abdoulayi S, Tsoka MG and Mvula PM. (2017). Using photo elicitation methods to understand resilience among ultra-poor youth and their caregivers in Malawi. Health Education & Behavior, 0: 1-11.

Journal Article Short-term impacts of an unconditional cash transfer program on child schooling: Experimental evidence from Malawi Education and Child Labour 2017

Kilburn K, Handa S, Angeles G, Mvula P and Tsoka M. (2017). Short-term impacts of an unconditional cash transfer program on child schooling: Experimental evidence from Malawi. Economics of Education Review, 59: 63-80.

Journal Article One plus one can be greater than two: evaluating synergies of development programmes in Malawi Poverty Reduction and Food Security 2017

Pace N, Daidone S, Davis B, Handa S, Knowles H and Pickmans R. (2017). One plus one can be greater than two: evaluating synergies of development programmes in Malawi. Journal of Development studies, 0: 1-38.

Journal Article Social networks, social participation, and health among youth living in extreme poverty in rural Malawi Adolescents 2016

Rock A, Barrington C, Abdoulayi S, Tsoka M, Mvula P and Handa S. (2016). Social networks, social participation, and health among youth living in extreme poverty in rural Malawi. Social Science & Medicine, 170: 5562.

Journal Article A multilevel analysis of the effect of Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Pilot Scheme on school-age children's health Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2013

Luseno WK, Singh K, Handa S and Suchindran C. (2013). A multilevel analysis of the effect of Malawi’s Social Cash Transfer Pilot Scheme on school-age children’s health. Health Policy and Planning 29(4): 421 – 432.

Journal Article Cash transfer programs and agricultural production: the case of Malawi Poverty Reduction and Food Security 2013

Boone R, Covarrubias K, Davis B and Winters P. (2013). Cash transfer programs and agricultural production: the case of Malawi. Agricultural Economics, 44(3): 365378.

Journal Article From protection to production: productive impacts of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer scheme. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 4(1) 2016 Covarrubias K, Davis B and Winters P. (2012). From protection to production: productive impacts of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer scheme. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 4(1).
Book Chapter The Social Cash Transfer Programme of Malawi: The Role of Evaluation from the Pilot to the Expansion. In From Evidence to action: The story of cash transfers and impact evaluation in sub-Saharan Africa. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press 2016 Angeles G, Abdoulayi S, Barrington C, Handa S, Kainja ET, Mvula P, Mwamlima H, Tsoka M and Spadafora T. (2016). The Social Cash Transfer Programme of Malawi: The Role of Evaluation from the Pilot to the Expansion. In From Evidence to action: The story of cash transfers and impact evaluation in sub-Saharan Africa. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Working and Position Paper Qualitative research on the impacts of social protection on rural women's economic empowerment Gender and Gender-Based Violence 2017

Nesbitt-Ahmed Z, Pozarny P and de la O Campos AP. (2017). Qualitative research on the impacts of social protection on rural women’s economic empowerment. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Working and Position Paper The social cash transfer programme and the farm input subsidy programme in Malawi. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome 2017 Pace N, Daidone S, Davis B, Handa S, Knowles M and Pickmans R. (2017). The social cash transfer programme and the farm input subsidy programme in Malawi. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Working and Position Paper Happiness and Alleviation of Income Poverty: Impacts of an unconditional cash transfer programme using a subjective well-being approach Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2016

Kilburn K, Handa S, Angeles G, Mvula P andTsoka M. (2016). Happiness and Alleviation of Income Poverty: Impacts of an unconditional cash transfer programme using a subjective well-being approach. Innocenti Working Papers no. 2016-23, UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti, Florence.

Brief Policy Options to Improve Life Cycle Vulnerabilities of Beneficiaries in the Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme: Summary brief Poverty Reduction and Food Security 2020

UNICEF Innocenti (2020).Policy Options to Improve Life Cycle Vulnerabilities of Beneficiaries in the Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme: Summary brief. UNICEF Innocenti, Florence, Italy.

Brief Exploring the potential of cash transfers to delay early marriage & pregnancy among youth in Malawi & Zambia. Innocenti Research Brief 2019-01. UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence, Italy 2016 Natalia L, Dake F and Peterman A. (2019) Exploring the potential of cash transfers to delay early marriage & pregnancy among youth in Malawi & Zambia. Innocenti Research Brief 2019-01. UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence, Italy.
Brief The state of evidence on social cash transfers in Africa: Transfer Project Workshop Brief 2017. Innocenti Research Brief 2017-21. UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence, Italy 2017 Mills M, Spektor G and Terzini M. (2017). The state of evidence on social cash transfers in Africa: Transfer Project Workshop Brief 2017. Innocenti Research Brief 2017-21. UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence, Italy.
Brief Myth-busting? How research is refuting common perceptions about unconditional cash transfers. Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-02 Education and Child Labour 2017

Peterman A, Yablonski J and Daidone S. (2017). Myth-busting? How research is refuting common perceptions about unconditional cash transfers. Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-02. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Innovative research on the impact of social cash transfers in Africa. Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-01. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill 2017 The Transfer Project Team. (2017). Innovative research on the impact of social cash transfers in Africa. Transfer Project Research Brief 2017-01. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.
Brief Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaluation: Community Perceptions of Poverty and Wellbeing Poverty Reduction and Food Security 2015

Abdoulayi S and Brugh K. (2015). Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaluation: Community Perceptions of Poverty and Wellbeing. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-08. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaulation: Young Children and Adolescents at Baseline. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-06 Adolescents 2015

Brugh K,Kilburn K and Barrington C. (2015). Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaulation: Young Children and Adolescents at Baseline. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-06. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaluation: Characteristics of Eligible Households at Baseline Programme Evaluation and Design 2015

Brugh Kand Kilburn K. (2015). Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaluation: Characteristics of Eligible Households at Baseline. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-05. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaluation: Overview of the Study Design Programme Evaluation and Design 2015

Handa S. (2015). Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme Impact Evaluation: Overview of the Study Design. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-04. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Do Unconditional Social Cash Transfer Schemes Have Productive Impacts in Malawi? IPC-UNDP Research Brief Education and Child Labour 2012 Covarrubias K, Davis B and Winters P. (2012). Do Unconditional Social Cash Transfer Schemes Have Productive Impacts in Malawi? IPC-UNDP Research Brief.
Brief Simulating the Impacts of Rural Social Cash Transfers and Farmer's Subsidies in Malawi and Ghana. IPC-UNDP Research Brief 2012 Filipski M and Taylor JE. (2012). Simulating the Impacts of Rural Social Cash Transfers and Farmer's Subsidies in Malawi and Ghana. IPC-UNDP Research Brief.
Brief How Do Cash Transfers Affect Child Work and Schooling? Surprising Evidence from Malawi, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia Education and Child Labour 2020

UNICEF Innocenti (2020).How Do Cash Transfers Affect Child Work and Schooling? Surprising Evidence from Malawi, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia. UNICEF Innocenti, Florence, Italy.

Journal Article Myth-busting? Confronting Six Common Perceptions about Unconditional Cash Transfers as a Poverty Reduction Strategy in Africa. World Bank Research Observer, 33(2): 259 298 2018 Handa S, Daidone S, Peterman A, Davis B, Pereira A, Palermo T, Yablonski J on behalf of the Transfer Project (2018). Myth-busting? Confronting Six Common Perceptions about Unconditional Cash Transfers as a Poverty Reduction Strategy in Africa. World Bank Research Observer, 33(2): 259 298.
Journal Article The livelihood impacts of cash transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa: Beneficiary perspectives from six countries Gender and Gender-Based Violence 2017

Fisher E, Attah R, Barca V, O’Brien C, Brook S, Holland J, Kardan A, Pavanello S and Pozarny P. (2017). The livelihood impacts of cash transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa: Beneficiary perspectives from six countries. World Development, 99: 299-319.

Journal Article Understanding the linkages between social safety nets and childhood violence: a review of the evidence from low- and middle-income countries Gender and Gender-Based Violence 2017

Peterman A, Neijhoft A, Cook S and Palermo T. (2017). Understanding the linkages between social safety nets and childhood violence: a review of the evidence from low- and middle-income countries. Health Policy and Planning: 1-23.

Working and Position Paper Combined effects and synergies between agriculture and social protection interventions: What is the evidence so far? Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome 2017 Soares FV, Knowles M, Daidone S and Tirivayi N. (2017). Combined effects and synergies between agriculture and social protection interventions: What is the evidence so far? Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Working and Position Paper Myth-busting? Confronting six common perceptions about unconditional cash transfers as a poverty reduction strategy in Africa. Innocenti Working Papers no. 2017-11, UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence 2017 Handa S, Daidone S, Peterman A, Davis B, Pereira A, Palermo T and Yablonski J. (2017). Myth-busting? Confronting six common perceptions about unconditional cash transfers as a poverty reduction strategy in Africa. Innocenti Working Papers no. 2017-11, UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence.
Brief The impact of cash transfers on food security Poverty Reduction and Food Security 2016

Hjelm L. (2016). The impact of cash transfers on food security. Transfer Project Research Brief 2016-01. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief The broad range of cash transfer impacts in sub-Saharan Africa: Consumption, Human Capital and Productive Activity Adolescents; Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2014

Davis B and Handa S. (2014). The broad range of cash transfer impacts in sub-Saharan Africa: Consumption, Human Capital and Productive Activity. Transfer Project Research Brief. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief The Cost of Social Cash Transfer Programs in sub-Saharan Africa Programme Evaluation and Design 2013

Plavgo I, de Milliano M and Handa S. (2013).The Cost of Social Cash Transfer Programs in sub-Saharan Africa. Transfer Project Research Brief 2013-01. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief Evaluating the Impact of Cash Transfer Programmes in sub-Saharan Africa. IPC-UNDP Research Brief Programme Evaluation and Design 2012 Davis B, Gaarder M, Handa S and Yablonski J. (2012). Evaluating the Impact of Cash Transfer Programmes in sub-Saharan Africa. IPC-UNDP Research Brief.
Journal Article Is Graduation from Social Safety Nets Possible? Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa Poverty Reduction and Food Security; Resilience and Productive Impacts 2015

Daidone, S, Pellerano, L, Handa, S and Davis, B. (2015),Is Graduation from Social Safety Nets Possible? Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa. IDS Bulletin, 46:93102. doi:10.1111/1759-5436.12132

Journal Article A simulation impact evaluation of rural income transfers in Malawi and Ghana. Journal of Development Effectiveness 4(1): 109-129 2012 Filipski M. (2012). A simulation impact evaluation of rural income transfers in Malawi and Ghana. Journal of Development Effectiveness 4(1): 109-129.
Brief Measurement of interpersonal violence in national social cash transfer evaluations. Transfer Project Research Brief 2016-05 Gender and Gender-Based Violence 2016

Palermo, T.(2016). Measurement of interpersonal violence in national social cash transfer evaluations. Transfer Project Research Brief 2016-05. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief How much do programmes pay? Transfer size in selected national cash transfer programmes in Africa Programme Evaluation and Design 2015

Davis B and Handa S. (2015). How much do programmes pay? Transfer size in selected national cash transfer programmes in Africa. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-09. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Brief The Impact of Social Cash Transfers on Schooling in Africa: An Update from the Transfer Project. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-01 Education and Child Labour 2015

Handa S and de Milliano M. (2015). The Impact of Social Cash Transfers on Schooling in Africa: An Update from the Transfer Project. The Transfer Project Research Brief 2015-01. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, UNC-Chapel Hill.

Journal Article Examination of performance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Short Form 10 among African youth in poor, rural households Adolescents; Health, Nutrition, and Well-Being 2018

Kilburn K, Prencipe L, Hjelm L, Peterman A, Handa S and Palermo T. (2018). Examination of performance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Short Form 10 among African youth in poor, rural households. BMC Psychiatry, 18(201).

Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme (SCTP) Evaluation

Data Collection
    Years: 2013 (baseline), 2014 (midline), 2015 (endline)
    Sample Size: 3,531 households and 16,078 individuals at baseline
    Location: Two Districts: Salima and Mangochi
Evaluation Design: Cluster randomized control trail (cRCT) and qualitative study
Key Partners/Implementers:

Government of Malawi

UNICEF-Malawi

UNICEF-Office of Research—Innocenti

Centre for Social Research at the University of Malawi

UNC-CH – University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (baseline)

Reports

Malawi Baseline Report

Malawi Midline Report

Malawi Endline Report

Malawi Endline Resilience Report

Policy options to improve schooling outcomes of children and address lifecycle vulnerabilities in the Malawi SCTP

Data Collection
    Years: 2019
    Sample Size: 1500 households (qualitative), 155 individuals (qualitative)
    Location: Mulanje, Nkhata Bay, Salima
Evaluation Design: Cross section and qualitative study
Key Partners/Implementers:

UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti

Center for Social Research at the University of Malawi

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Funders:

KfW – German Government

UNICEF

Reports

Addressing Life Cycle Vulnerabilities of Beneficiaries in the Malawi SCTP (August 2020)

Policy Options to Improve the Educational Impact of the Malawi SCTP (August 2020) 

Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme (SCTP) Mchinji Pilot Evaluation

Data Collection
    Years: 2007 (baseline), 2007 (midline), 2008 (endline)
    Sample Size: 800 households at baseline
    Location: Mchinji district
Evaluation Design: Cluster randomized control trail (cRCT) and qualitative study
Key Partners/Implementers:

Government of Malawi

UNICEF Malawi

Centre for Social Research at the University of Malawi

Boston University

Funders:

UNICEF Malawi

USAID – United States Agency for International Development

Reports