|Year Programmes Began:||2010 (CGP); 2011 (MCTG)|
|Implementing Ministry:||Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child Health|
|Target Group:||Household with a child under five years old in three poor districts (CGP); Poor female- and elderly-headed households with disabled person (MCTG)|
|Approximate Reach (as of 2015):||145,000 households (total for both programmes)|
In 2010, Zambia’s Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child Health (MCDMCH) started the rollout of the CGP in three districts: Kalabo, Kaputa, and Shangombo. These districts have the highest rates of mortality, morbidity, stunting, and wasting among children under age 5. Recipient households currently receive 70 kwacha (ZMW) a month (equivalent to U.S. $11), an amount deemed sufficient by the MCDMCH to purchase one meal a day for everyone in the household for 1 month. The amount is the same regardless of household size. Payments are made every other month through a local pay point manager, and there are no conditions to receiving the money.
According to the MCDMCH, the goal of the CGP is to reduce extreme poverty and the intergenerational transfer of poverty. The objectives of the programme (as specified in the child grant manual) are to: supplement and not replace household income; increase the number of children enrolled in and attending primary school; reduce the rate of mortality and morbidity among children under 5 years old; reduce stunting and wasting among children under 5 years old; increase the number of households owning assets such as livestock; and increase the number of households that have a second meal a day.
In 2014 the Government of Zambia reformed its cash grant system and harmonized existing models into one social cash transfer (SCT) programme with one common set of eligibility criteria. Recipients of the CGP and other programmes (MCTG, Old Age Grant) were gradually re-targeted for the new programme and phased out if they were no longer eligible. The re-targeting occurred at different times across the country, beginning in the second quarter of 2015. In 2017, researchers from the Transfer Project returned to the original CGP evaluation sample for another wave of data collection to understand the longer term effects of the CGP, and to assess the potential for sustained impacts among households who were no longer receiving the transfer.
The MCTG (previously known as Multiple Categorical Grant Program or MCP) was initiated in late 2011 in the districts of Luwingu and Serenje. The MCDMCH chose to start the MCTG in the two districts within Zambia that have some of the highest rates of extreme poverty, thus introducing an element of geographical targeting to the program. These two districts represent some of the most remote locations in Zambia, making them a challenge for providing support services, and are some of the most underprivileged communities in Zambia. As with CGP, recipient households currently receive 70 kwacha (ZMW) a month (equivalent to U.S. $11), regardless of household size. Payments are made every other month through a local pay point manager, and there are no conditions to receiving the money.